Adverse Childhood Experiences: What They Are
A person’s lifelong health and opportunity can be affected by their childhood experiences.
Good or bad, these experiences as a child are said to impact victimization or perpetration in the future. For this reason, it is important to focus on maintaining a healthy, safe and supportive environment during early childhood. Research that has been completed on this subject is categorized within the arena of Adverse Childhood Experiences, or ACEs.
The first study on ACE was held between the years of 1995 to 1997 at Kaiser Permanente and included data collection.
Researchers measured these ACEs: physical, sexual and verbal abuse; physical and emotional neglect; a family member who is: depressed or diagnosed to be mentally ill, addicted to alcohol or another substance, or in prison; witnessing a mother being abused; and losing a parent to separation, divorce or other reason.
“Over 17,000 Health Maintenance Organization members from Southern California receiving physical exams completed confidential surveys regarding their childhood experiences and current health status and behaviors,” explains the CDC website.
ACEs is a subject that is still to this day, studied by the CDC. They are categorized in three groups including neglect, abuse and family/household challenges, with further subcategories.